Although the Faculty of Biology was formally founded only in 2008, research and education in the field of biology have been tightly connected with the University of Gdańsk since its beginning in 1970. The first MSc diplomas in biology were already granted in 1972. In the beginning, biology (including environmental, molecular and marine biology or biotechnology) was taught and studied at the Faculty of Biology and Earth Sciences, which later on became the Faculty of Biology, Geography and Oceanology, and ultimately, it is now the Faculty of Biology that encompasses most of the 50-year-old traditions of biological research and education at the University of Gdańsk. Until September 2019, the Faculty of Biology had the right to confer doctoral degrees in Biological Sciences in the fields of Biology, Ecology or Microbiology, and post-doctoral degrees (habilitation) in Biological Sciences in the field of Biology. Since October 2019, the academic doctoral degrees in a given discipline shall be conferred by the scientific council for that discipline (here: Biological Sciences), and the doctoral degree in a given branch of science [Pol. dziedzina nauki] – here, the Exact and Natural Sciences, shall be conferred by the University Senate.
The Faculty encompasses 14 departments, 23 laboratories and 2 stations for research and education. In 2012, a new Faculty of Biology building was officially opened, offering excellent conditions for research, teaching and studying. This building has been completed within the Operational Programme Infrastructure and Environment, co-financed by the European Regional Development Fund. It provides a surface area of over 23.000 sq. meters, a modern infrastructure and fully equipped auditorium, lecture halls, seminar rooms, student laboratories and specialized equipment. It is supplied with audio-visual equipment, telecommunication networks, access control and monitoring systems. The building is situated at the Baltic Campus of the University of Gdańsk, within walking distance to the local train station, and bus and tram stops.